What are the malignant polyps of the gallbladder?

Gallbladder polyps are growths or lesions that can develop on the inner surface of the gallbladder. While the majority of gallbladder polyps are benign (non-cancerous), some may have malignant potential. Malignant polyps of the gallbladder are typically associated with adenocarcinoma, which is the most common type of gallbladder cancer.

There are certain features of gallbladder polyps that may raise concerns about malignancy. These features include:

  1. Size: Larger polyps, generally those larger than 1 centimeter (cm), have a higher risk of being malignant.

  2. Shape: Polyps that are sessile (flat-based) or have an irregular shape may be more concerning.

  3. Symptoms: Polyps that cause symptoms such as pain, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), or other signs of gallbladder issues may be more likely to be malignant.

  4. Rapid Growth: Polyps that show rapid growth over a short period may be more suspicious.

It's important to note that most gallbladder polyps are discovered incidentally during imaging studies for unrelated issues, as they often do not cause noticeable symptoms. If gallbladder polyps are detected, healthcare professionals may monitor them over time, especially if they are small and do not exhibit concerning features.

However, if there are concerns about malignancy, further evaluation may be recommended. This can include additional imaging studies, such as an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, and in some cases, a biopsy or removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) may be necessary for definitive diagnosis.

If you suspect you have gallbladder issues or have been diagnosed with gallbladder polyps, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and guidance based on your specific situation.